Please use the following guidelines to prepare your article.The Guide for Authors is also available for download as >pdf.
GAIA is a peer-reviewed inter- and transdisciplinary journal for scientists and other interested parties concerned with the causes and analyses of environmental and sustainability problems and their solutions.In detail, GAIA’s transdisciplinary focus implies that:
GAIA appeals to a heterogeneous and critical audience. Articles published in GAIA are chosen for their scientific content as well as their ease of comprehension and significance to readers of various scientific disciplines. Accepted papers are edited in agreement with the authors. Papers submitted to GAIA are peer-reviewed and authors are obliged to participate in the double-blind peer-review process. Details of the reviewing process are outlined in the sections that follow. Invited papers are subjected to the same reviewing process and an invitation is no guarantee of publication. Currently, the rejection rate is more than 50 percent. GAIA is indexed in the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI) and the Social Science Citation Index (SSCI).
GAIA is comprised of three primary sections - Forum, Research, and Books. The authors should identify to which section they plan to submit their paper and read the appropriate guidelines for submission below.
In the Forum section, original papers are published including essays, pointed expressions of opinion and reactions to articles that have appeared in recent GAIA issues. As such, the Forum aims to challenge current understandings by providing a “forum” to articulate substantiated opinions and controversial issues, to identify new problems, and to establish actual contexts.Generally, articles are double-blind peer reviewed.Articles – including references – should not exceed the length of 24,000 characters (including spaces).
Original scientific articles of environmental and sustainability research are published in the Research section. Additionally, Research contains review articles that place environmental problems and development in a broader context. General review papers are usually written upon invitation and in agreement with the editorial office. Authors who wish to submit review papers on their own initiative are advised to contact the editorial office in advance.
Research articles and review papers are subjected to a double-blind peer review and cross-read by at least one person foreign to the subject. Expert opinions are based on the article’s scientific quality (e.g., theory, methods, literature relevant to the subject), on the quality of presentation (e.g., length, conciseness, style), on the novelty of empirical data, methods, theoretical analyses, interpretation and approaches to problem-solving besides the article’s relevance for environmental sciences. The non-expert reviewer will determine the transdisciplinarity of the synthesis, relevance in terms of action and comprehensibility of the manuscript.
Research papers and review papers should not – including references – exceed the length of 32,000 and 40,000 characters, respectively (including spaces).Supplemental material can be made accessible via the GAIA website. For more information, please contact our editorial office.
Design reports are a GAIA-specific format. They are published in the Research section. Design reports focus on a challenge unique to inter- and transdisciplinary research projects: They deal with the configuration of a project in terms of its research and communication design. They are in no way mere reprints of the proposal or epistemological treatises, but rather they present the decisions that determine the design of the research and communication, offering a critical explanation and discussion of them. In other words, they analyse the project design and the processes shaping it, paying special attention to the question of how partners from scientific and non-scientific cultures communicate, what kind of communication architectures they have, and how they handle the results.
Design reports are subjected to a double-blind peer review and cross-read by at least one person foreign to the subject. Design reports can include photographs, charts, tables, and other visual material. They should not exceed 25,000 characters (including spaces and references).
For detailed information please refer to the Guidelines for Design Reports (pdf).
The Books section is dedicated to the presentation, discussion and review of new publications relevant to GAIA ’s subject matter. Contributions to the Books section are usually written upon invitation and in agreement with the editorial office. Authors intending to write a book review on their own initiative are advised to contact the editorial office in advance.Articles are examined by at least one of the editors of GAIA. If required, further expertise is requested.Articles should not exceed the length of 3,800 characters (including spaces).
For detailed information please refer to the Guidelines for Book Announcements (pdf).
GAIA recognizes its responsibilities in upholding ethical standards and pursueing best practices in scholarly publishing. Authors are expected to follow the ethical guidelines laid down in GAIA’s code of conduct (in preparation) and in these guidelines for authors.
Upon submission of an article to GAIA you enter into the following arrangements and you warrant on behalf of yourself and your co-authors.
The article is original, has not been published in any other peer-reviewed journal, is not under consideration for publication by any other journal and does not infringe any existing copyright or any other third party rights.
Authorship credit reflects the individual’s contribution to the study. An author is considered anyone involved with initial research design, data collection and analysis, manuscript drafting, and final approval. The following do not necessarily qualify for authorship: providing funding or resources, mentorship, or contributing research but not helping with the publication itself. The primary author assumes responsibility for the publication, making sure that the data are accurate, that all deserving authors have been credited, that all authors have given their approval to the final draft; and handles responses to inquiries after the manuscript is published.
All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript.
All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.
GAIA follows the Green Road to Open Access:
GAIA Hybrid Option
Additionally, we offer GAIA Hybrid Option: with this option authors can publish their articles with full open access via our full text content provider IngentaConnect against a basic charge. To maintain our high standards of quality while covering our costs we offer GAIA Hybrid Option per published article as follows:
Articles in GAIA are published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution license CC BY 4.0. Under this license, anyone may access, copy, distribute, or reuse these articles, as long as the author and original source are properly cited.By submitting your article to GAIA, you agree to the publication of your article under this license. Please contact us if you do not want to have your article be published under CC BY 4.0.
The names and e-mail addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.The data collected from registered and non-registered users of this journal falls within the scope of the standard functioning of peer-reviewed journals. Our data protection information seeks to be compliant with industry standards for data privacy, including the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) as is detailed in the Data Protection Statement (in German) of oekom verlag GmbH.
Data protection information for authors: oekom verlag GmbH processes and stores your data (name, address, e-mail, phone number) to publish and manage the master data of your article. Upon publication we will transfer your data to our sales partners (Verlegerdienst München and ingentaconnect) and if necesarry to a printing company. We will not transfer your data to third countries. You have the right to request information on how your data is processed, a right to rectification of your data, to erasure (“right to be forgotten”), to have the processing restricted, to object to the processing, a right to data portability, as well as a right to revoke your consent. To revoke your consent, please send us an email to email@example.com. In addition you have a right to complain to the supervisory authority. Our data protection officer can be reached via firstname.lastname@example.org. Our detailed data protection information can be found at www.oekom.de/datenschutz (in German).
Papers for the Research and Forum sections should enclose
The authors should enclose a cover letter explaining their intention to publish the paper in GAIA.
GAIA is published in colour print and provides an exceptional opportunity to illustrate scientific work in the form of pictures, charts, or maps.
The authors are responsible to obtain the necessary rights for quotations, pictures, etc.
Charges for the acquisition of pictures as well as extraordinary expenditures for picture editing are borne by the authors.
GAIA publication languages are English and German; submissions to the Research section are preferably in English. The authors are responsible for the linguistic quality. They are kindly asked to have their foreign-language articles corrected by a professional editing service. Manuscripts can be rejected due to inadequate linguistic quality.
Figures and tables must be numbered and should provide a short explanatory caption, which can be understood independent of the text. Figures and tables must be integrated into the text document. Additionally, all figures and tables should be submitted in separate files.
Diagrams, graphics and tables of the particular format must be saved in a graphic format (possible file extensions are .ai, .eps, .wmf or .cdr), or should be sent as original data (e. g., Microsoft Excel). Possible formats for photographs are a) glossy prints and b) files in TIFF or JPEG format (i. e., .tif or .jpg). All figures must have at least 300 dpi at desired size. Line drawings such as logos or graphs must have at least 900 dpi at the desired size.
The number of references should not exceed 40 (80 for review papers), the number of footnotes should not exceed ten. Quotations follow the Author-Date System of the Chicago Manual of Style. Within the text, references appear in brackets including name and date. In case of more than two authors only the first author is indicated, followed by the addition “et al.”.
The complete list of references appears at the end of the text. Please avoid the use of abbreviations of periodicals in the list of references. English titles of periodicals or books are written in small letters. In case of more than six authors only the first author is indicated followed by the addition “et al.”. Further additions are translated according to the article’s language (e. g., “Edited by” or “Herausgegeben von”; “accessed” or “abgerufen”).
Please prepare your list of relevant references particularly with regard to current, international and peer-reviewed literature, where appropriate. We recommend the citation of primary literature in favor of reviews in order to give credit to the group(s) who first reported a finding. Please indicate the DOI of a reference if provided.
Below you find the guidelines for formatting references. Examples are shown for quotation form:
in the list of references and(in the text)
If you are using the reference management software EndNote, you may use the GAIA EndNote Style for formatting your references.
Monographs Pütz, M. 2005. Regional Gouvernante. Theoretisch-konzeptionelle Grundlagen und eine Analyse nachhaltiger Siedlungsentwicklung in der Metropolregion München. München: oekom. (Pütz 2005)
Articles in JournalsTillmann, J., H. D. Sohn. 2005. Habitat fragmentation and ecological networks in Europe. GAIA 14/2: 119–123. (Tillmann und Sohn 2005)
Articles in Online-JournalsChan, K., M.R. Shaw, D.R. Cameron, E.C. Underwood, G.C. Daily. 2006. Conservation planning for ecosystem services. Public Library of Science Biology 4/11: e379 doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0040379.(Chan et al. 2006)
Edited VolumesIn German articles: Remmert, H. (Hrsg.). 1991. The mosaic-cycle concept of ecosystems. Berlin: Springer. In English articles: Remmert, H. (Ed.). 1991. The mosaic-cycle concept of ecosystems. Berlin: Springer.(Remmert 1991)
Articles in Edited Volumes (or Conference Proceedings)In German articles: Stoll-Kleemann, S. 2005. Perspektiven sozial-ökologischer Forschung: Evaluation, Interdisziplinarität und Möglichkeiten inhaltlicher Weiterentwicklung. In: Fachübergreifende Nachhaltigkeitsforschung: Stand und Visionen am Beispiel nationaler und internationaler Forscherverbünde. Herausgegeben von B. Glaeser. München: oekom. 67–99. In English articles: Stoll-Kleemann, S. 2005. Perspektiven sozial-ökologischer Forschung: Evaluation, Interdisziplinarität und Möglichkeiten inhaltlicher Weiterentwicklung. In: Fachübergreifende Nachhaltigkeitsforschung: Stand und Visionen am Beispiel nationaler und internationaler Forscherverbünde. Edited by B. Glaeser. Munich: oekom. 67–99.(Stoll-Kleemann 2005)
Internet References In German articles: BGE (Bundesgerichtsentscheid). 2001. 1A.173/2000. www.bger.ch/index/jurisdiction/jurisdiction-recht-urteile2000.htm (abgerufen 02.11.2004). In English articles: BGE (Bundesgerichtsentscheid). 2001. 1A.173/2000. www.bger.ch/index/jurisdiction/jurisdiction-recht-urteile2000.htm (accessed January 7, 2005). (BGE 2001)
Conference PapersIn German articles: Gupta, J. 2002. Capacity building and sustainability knowledge in the climate change regime. Vortrag auf der 2002 Berlin Conference on the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change “Knowledge for the sustainability transition. The challenge for social science”. Berlin, 3.–4. Dezember.In English articles: Gupta, J. 2002. Capacity building and sustainability knowledge in the climate change regime. Paper presented at the 2002 Berlin Conference on the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change “Knowledge for the sustainability transition. The challenge for social science”. Berlin, December 3–4.(Gupta 2004)
Gray Literature In German articles: Schadt, S. 2002. Scenarios assessing the viability of a lynx population in Germany – Szenarien für eine lebensfähige Luchspopulation in Deutschland. Dissertation, Technische Universität München.In English articles: Schadt, S. 2002. Scenarios assessing the viability of a lynx population in Germany – Szenarien für eine lebensfähige Luchspopulation in Deutschland. PhD diss., Technische Universität München.(Schadt 2002)
Forthcoming ArticlesIn German articles: Stoll-Kleemann, S. Im Erscheinen. Perspektiven sozial-ökologischer Forschung: Evaluation, Interdisziplinarität und Möglichkeiten inhaltlicher Weiterentwicklung. GAIA.(Stoll-Kleemann im Erscheinen)In English articles: Stoll-Kleemann, S. Forthcoming. Perspektiven sozial-ökologischer Forschung: Evaluation, Interdisziplinarität und Möglichkeiten inhaltlicher Weiterentwicklung. GAIA.(Stoll-Kleemann forthcoming)
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
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GAIA - Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society | ISSN 0940-5550 | eISSN 2625-5413Articles in GAIA are published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution license CC BY 4.0.Published with